Constitution Survey: Land Section – Sokwanele

SOKWANELE CONSTITUTION SURVEY

19 October 2012
The full survey is available for download by clicking this link (PDF format - 6MB)
Executive Summary section – Land Reform

Land Reform

The survey took the opportunity to canvas opinions on the issue of land reform which are not related to the constitution.  A huge majority (85%) deemed the land reform not be successful, but land of high importance.  White respondents were a significant proportion of over half who believe the reform can be reversed.  As many as 44% would like to be beneficiaries of land reform, including 66% of the black respondents, and 61% of those black respondents living in the diaspora. Over 90% favour an independent land commission to carry out an audit on current land holding.

Questions on land ownership produced some surprising answers, possibly because distinctions were not made between different types of title to land - ownership, leases and communal holding.  However, nearly half of the respondents accept that the state should have the power to compulsorily acquire land for the purpose of land reform, but mainly on specific conditions such as under-utilisation, and excluding  land purchased after Independence.  Furthermore a very large majority felt that compensation should be paid and due process of law followed and that the constitution should provide secure title to land and recognise international law on land rights.